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  • It is one of the most popular,nutritionally rich tropical fruits with unique flavor,fragrance,taste .
  • It is cultivated in many regions of world,top 10 being,
  • India
  • China
  • Thailand
  • Indonesia
  • Pakistan
  • Mexico
  • Brazil
  • Bangladesh
  • Nigeria
  • Philippines.
  • Its farming has extended to many tropical countries.It comes in different shapes and sizes.Its a drupe fruit like a peach.
  • It is also called a 'love fruit' as it increases virility in men.
    It belongs to the same family as poison IVY do.
  • Do you know that mangoes can be ripened quickly by placing it in a paper bag with a ripe banana.
  • The second most popular variety of mango grown in Australia is called"REEZ'.
  • A mango can weigh upto 2 kg.
  • The mango tree plays a sacred role in India and some indians believe that it can grant wishes.

Skin care:

  • This might appear a bit surprising but mangoes can be used to remove blackheads. For this purpose, prepare a scrub by mixing a teaspoon of mango pulp, half a teaspoon of milk or milk powder and honey. Rub it all over your face in circular motion. 
  • Mango skin is also beneficial in reducing dark spots. For this purpose, you can make a powder from the sun dried mango skin and mix it with a teaspoon of yogurt. 
  • You can prepare a homemade face wash by mixing one teaspoon each of mango pulp and powdered almond. Add a tablespoon of milk to this mix and grind it into a paste. This face wash can be applied on all skin types and washed after 20 minutes.
  • You can prepare an exfoliating mask by blending ¼ of a peeled mango, 2 spoons of whole milk, powdered almonds and crushed oats in a blender. Apply this on your face and neck for 20 minutes and rinse in lukewarm water.
  • Raw mango juice is an excellent astringent that can remove acne. You can boil a slice of a baby mango or raw mango in water and use this water on your face as an acne remover.

Hair care:

  • Mango can be used in preparing a home-made conditioner. For this purpose, mix mango pulp with a spoonful of yogurt and two egg yellows. Apply this on your hair and leave for 30 minutes. 
  • Mango contains vitamin A which helps in fighting dandruff and adds shine to hair.It is often used as an ingredient in hair moisturizers. Mangoes contain vitamin E which improves scalp circulation and encourages hair growth.
  • Treats the Hair Loss and Grey Hair: You can prepare this oil by removing the outer coat of the mango seed and adding them to a jar of coconut, sesame or mustard oil and place this jar in the sunlight for a few days. Using this concoction regularly will make your hair long, black and thick.

Health Benefits:

  • Prevents Strokes:Mangoes are also known to prevent strokes as they control homocysteine levels in the blood, which otherwise is harmful to blood vessels which causes strokes.
  • Improves Eye Sight:It contains high dosage of Vitamin A or Retinol which helps protect eyesight.
  • High amount of Fibre and Vit C:It contains high amount of fibre and Vitamin C which helps to eliminate the Low Density Lipoprotein thereby bringing cholesterol levels down.
  • Boosts Immunity:Mangoes contain 25 varieties of carotenoids and and they are enriched with a high amount of Vit C as well which helps maintain a healthy immune system.
  • Increases Fertility:
    It is also called a 'love fruit' and
     are rich in folate or folic acid which helps in improving fertility in men. It is a form of Vitamin B and folic acid deficiency that can cause miscarriage in women.
  • Trace Minerals:Mangoes contain trace elements like copper, selenium, zinc and potassium and rich in vitamin E which are essential for human well being. Absence of these trace minerals can cause a lot of health problems. So start including mangoes in your regular diet.
  • Reduces Cholesterol and Prevents Diabetes:Mango fruit benefits also include reducing cholesterol and preventing diabetes. I know you would be surprised reading this, but it is true. Mangoes contain natural sugar, and each has nearly 31gms of sugar, but at the same time it is low on glycemic load, this means that it the blood sugar is not affected.
How to Select and Store?
Selection:Mangoes should be selected by their aroma and not by their color which varies from variety to variety. Their aroma should be distinct and ripe. While buying mangoes, choose the ones without dark spots, blemishes or splits. They should yield to gentle pressure. Fresh mangoes on an average measure about 4 inches in length and weigh about 9 ounces to 4 pounds each. Larger fruits have a higher fruit to seed ratio. Though unripe mangoes are generally green in color and ripe mangoes have colors ranging from yellow to orange to red, color is not always an indication of maturity. There are some varieties where ripe mangoes retain some green coloring. Avoid mangoes that have bruised or dry and shriveled skin as well as those which have no fragrant aroma as they are likely to have no flavor. Under-ripe mangoes should be avoided as they have an unpleasant chemical taste when eaten raw. A ripe mango generally has a full fruity aroma emitting from the stem end, is soft to touch and yields to gentle pressure.
Storage: Proper storage is important to ensure that the fruit stays fresh and to prevent spoilage. The storage requirements vary depending upon the variety. If the mangoes are hard and green, they should be placed in a brown paper bag for a few days to ripen. They should be stored at room temperature and away from the sun until they ripen. Mangoes generally have a shelf life of 1 to 2 weeks. Once ripe, they can be stored in the refrigerator. Mangoes can also be frozen. Freezing them makes their skin black but inner flesh will stay in good condition. They can be frozen either entirely or in the form of chopped up pieces. When freezing peeled mangoes, sprinkle sugar over the chopped fruit and stir gently with wooden spoon to dissolve the sugar in the fruit’s own juices. Seal these pieces in an airtight container leaving ½ inch airspace or plastic freezer bags after squeezing all the air out. Mangoes can be refrigerated for about 2 to 5 days.                                                                                                                     By Arshi Javed

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