Important guidelines for new born care
is the first ever guide you should follow before you start your new journey.
Newborn and You
Children are the key of heaven. The moment a child is born, the mother is also born. She by no ways lives earlier than that. Children are the anchor in the stage called life and are the ones who are very important for see the coming future.
Now that you've carried on 9 months of pregnancy, you've made it through the pleasure of labor and delivery. This is the indeed the best moment you are waiting for and are prepared to head home and begin life with your baby. Once home, though, you worriedly recognize you have no thought on what is to be done.
These guidelines can help even the most worried first-time parents think to be positive about caring for a newborn in no time.
a) Getting Help After the Birth
Believe in getting help from anyone who is known to you, related to you or seek advice of the experts during this time. Many hospitals have feed professionals or lactation guides who can help you get started on to nurse or to bottle-feed. In addition, nurses are a big source to illustrate you how to hold, burp, change, and care for your baby. For in-home help, you may hire a baby nurse or a responsible relative to help you for a short time after the birth. Good resources to discover information about in-home help, and might even be able to make a referral to home health organization or an agency. Also some relatives and friends can be called for assistance. Even if you oppose on certain things, don't challenge their knowledge that they have gained through experience.
b) Managing a Newborn
If you are not used to spend a lot of time around newborns, their delicateness may be threatening. Though not to worry about, here are a few ABC’s to keep in mind :
- Clean your hands or use a hand antiseptic before handling your baby. Newborns don't have a physically powerful protected system, so they are at risk to get infection. Also anyone else before holding baby should have clean hands.
- Be alert to carry your baby's head and neck. Support the head when carrying your baby and hold up the head when carrying the baby vertical or when you put down your baby down.
- Be careful not to shake your newborn, whether in play or in irritation Shaking that is forceful can become a reason of bleeding in the brain and even death. If you need to wake your infant, don't do it by shaking — as an alternative tickle your baby's feet or blow softly on a cheek.
- Make sure your baby is tightly fixed firmly into the carrier or car seat etc. Reduce the frequency of any movement that could be too coarse or bouncy.
- Remember that your newborn is not prepared for rough play, such as shake to and fro on the knee or thrown in the air.
c) Connecting and comforting methods
Undoubtedly, one of the most enjoyable feature of infant care, takes place during the sensitive time in the first hours and days after birth when parents make a deep relation with their infant. Bodily nearness can encourage an emotional association.
For infants, the connection adds to their touching development which also influences their progress in other areas, such as physical increase. One more method to believe of link is falling in love with your baby. Children prosper from having a parent or other adult in their life who loves them completely. Start on bonding by cradling your baby and lightly rubbing him or her in special pattern. Both you and your partner can also take the chance to be skin-to-skin, holding your newborn next to your own skin while nourishing or cradling. Premature babies have shown a blast change infant massage
. Babies generally love speaking sounds, such as talking, babbling singing, and cooing. Your baby will definitely also love listening to music. Baby rattles and musical mobiles are other good ways to excite your infant's hearing. Some babies can be strangely sensitive to the feel, the light, or sound, and might shock and weep straightforwardly or may sleep less than estimated or spin their features away when someone talks or sings to them. Wrapping works well for some babies during their first few weeks. It is one more calming practice first-time parents should become skilled at. Correct drape keeps a baby's arms shut to the body while permit to some movement of the legs with a feel of safety and comfort. To fold baby in a cloth, you should:
- Stretch out the cloth, with one corner folded above a little.
- Put down the baby face-up on the cloth with his or her head above the folded bend.
- Cover the left corner over the body and push it under the back of the baby, through under the right arm.
- Carry the underside curve up over the baby's feet and drag it in the direction of the head, folding the fabric down if it gets close to the face. Be sure not to wrap too strongly around the hips. Hips and knees should be a little turned out.
- Wrap the right corner around the baby, and insert it under the baby's back on the left side, and leave only the neck and head uncovered to allow comfortable breathing.
- Babies should not be wrapped after they're 2 months old.
d) Diapering Dos and Don'ts
You'll possibly choose before you carry your baby home on whether you'll make use of cloth or throwaway diapers. To a surprise, whichever you choose, your little one will dirty diapers about 10 times a day, or about 70 times a week. Before wearing the diaper, make sure you have all materials within reach so you won't have to go away leaving your infant unattended on the changing table. A clean diaper, pin, diaper balm if the baby has a irritation, a jug of lukewarm water, hygienic washcloth, diaper wipes, or cotton balls all should be handy. Whenever the diaper is damp, place your baby on his or her back and take out the dirty diaper. Use the water, cotton balls, and washcloth or the wipes to softly clean your baby's genital area clean. To avoid or cure reaction apply cream. For all time keep in mind to clean your hands carefully after shifting a diaper.
Most rashes take place since the baby's skin is sensitive and turns into irritated by the wet or poopy diaper. To stop or repair diaper rash, attempt these tips :
- Amend your baby's diaper often and almost immediately after bowel movement.
- After clean-up of the region with gentle soap and water or a wipe, apply a diaper rash cream.
- If you use cloth diapers, wash them in fragrance-free detergents.
- Allow the baby move without diaper for part of the day. This gives the skin an opportunity to air out.
e) Bathing Basics
You should give your baby a sponge bath until the umbilical cord falls off and the navel heals completely which normally takes 1-4 weeks and till the circumcision heals which is by 1-2 weeks. A bath two or three times a week in the first year is all right. More repeated bathing may be tend to make the skin dry. A soft, clean washcloth, mild, unscented baby soap and shampoo, a soft brush to stimulate the baby's scalp, towels or blankets, a clean diaper, clean clothes shall be kept ready before hand.
- Sponge baths. For a sponge bath, choose a protected leveled surface in a warm room. Fill up a sink or bowl with warm water. Undress your baby and cover him or her in a towel. Clean your infant's eyes with a washcloth or a clean cotton ball moistened with water only. Use a clean corner of the washcloth or another cotton ball to wash the other eye. Clean your baby's nose and ears with the damp washcloth. Then wet the cloth again and, using a little soap, wash his or her face gently and pat it dry. While using baby shampoo, make foam and easily wash your baby's head and rinse. Using a soaked cloth and soap, smoothly wash down the rest of the baby, with particular concentration to under the arms, behind the ears, around the neck, and in the genital area. Then make sure they are dry and then diaper and dress your baby.
- Tub baths. When your baby is prepared for tub baths, the first baths should be mild and short. If he or she becomes disturbed, go back to sponge baths for a week or two, then try the bath again. Throughout the bath, repeatedly pour water gently over your baby's body so he or she doesn't get cold. After the bath, wrap your baby in a towel immediately, making sure to cover his or her head. While bathing your infant, in no way leave the baby alone. If you need to leave the bathroom, wrap the baby in a towel and take him or her with you.
h) Circumcision and Umbilical Cord Care
Instantly after circumcision the tip of the male genital is typically covered with gauze coated with petroleum jelly to keep the injury from attached to the diaper. Lightly wash the tip clean with warm water after a diaper change, then apply petroleum jelly to the tip so it doesn't stick to the diaper. Redness or irritation of the penis should make well within a few days, but if the redness or puffiness increases or if pus-filled sores shape up, infection may be there and you should call your baby's doctor without a delay.
Umbilical cord care in newborns is also essential. Some doctors propose wash the area with rubbing alcohol until the cord base dries up and falls off, usually this takes in 10 days to 3 weeks, but others advise leaving the area alone. An infant's navel area shouldn't be submerged in water until the cord stump falls off and the area is cured. Until it falls off, the cord push will change color from yellow to brown or black — this is common.
i) Feeding and Burping Your Baby
Though, newborn baby needs to be fed every 2 to 3 hours, it is recommended that babies be fed on demand
— whenever they appear hungry, whether it is breast feeding or bottle feed. Your baby may hint you by crying, putting fingers in his or her mouth, or making sucking noises. In case of breastfeeding, give your baby the chance to nurse about 10-15 minutes at each breast, this will enable the baby to take about 2-3 ounces (60-90 milliliters) at each feeding.
Some newborns may need to be awakened every few hours to make sure they get enough to eat. With bottle feed, you can easily monitor as in the baby is getting enough to eat, but if you're breastfeeding, it can be a little complicated. If your baby looks fulfilled it turns out about six wet diapers and several stools a day, sleeps well, and is fetching weight on a regular basis, this is sufficient to know that he is eating enough. Yet when your breasts feel full before feeding your baby and less full after feeding, also hints the above. Nonetheless, babies often consume air during feedings, which can make them picky. You can avoid this by burping your baby recurrently. Try burping your baby every 2-3 ounces (60-90 milliliters) if you bottle-feed, and each time you switch breasts if you breastfeed. Hold your baby upright with his or her head on your shoulder, support your baby's head and back while gently patting the back with your other hand. Also sit your baby on your lap and support your baby's chest and head with one hand by cradling your baby's chin in the palm of your hand and resting the heel of your hand on your baby's chest You may lay your baby face-down on your lap with a support to your baby's head, making sure it's higher than his or her chest, and gently pat or rub his or her back. However, if your baby doesn't burp after a few minutes, alter the baby's position and try burping for another few minutes before feeding again. Always burp your baby when feeding time is over, and keep him or her in an upright position for at least 10-15 minutes to avoid spit out.
j) Sleeping Basics
You may be amazed to discover that your newborn, in fact sleeps about 16 hours or more! Newborns classically sleep for periods of 2-4 hours. Don't guess yours to sleep through the night. Actually, the digestive system of babies is so small that they need food every few hours and should be awakened if they haven't been fed for 4 hours to ensure an ideal weight gain. Many babies sleep through the night (between 6-8 hours) at 3 months of age, but if yours doesn't, don’t panic, its absolutely normal. Like adults, babies must build up their own sleep patterns and cycles, so if your newborn is gaining weight and come into sight as healthy, don't be depressed if he or she hasn't slept through the night at 3 months. It's important to rest babies on their backs to sleep to lessen any risk. Also take away all feathery bedding, quilts, stuffed animals, and pillows from the crib to make sure that your baby doesn't get twisted in them or choke himself. Also be sure to exchange the place of your baby's head from night to night- first right, then left, and so on to put a stop to the development of a flat spot n one side of the head. Many newborns have their days and nights mixed up and they are likely to be more awake and watchful at night, and more sleepy during the day. One way to help them is to keep the inspiration at night to a smallest amount. Keep the lights dim, limit talking and playing with your baby for the daytime. If your baby wakes up during the day aim to make him stay awake a little longer by talking and playing.
Even though you may feel nervous about treating a newborn, in a few short weeks you'll build up a habit.
By Harpreet Kaur Chadha